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One of several murals found in Cabbage Hill. (MWS)

The residential development of Cabbage Hill may be regarded as part of the City's geographic growth in the second half of the nineteenth century. In part, this growth was due to the arrival in Lancaster of many German immigrants between the late 1840s and the 1880s. These Germans congregated in the present Cabbage Hill area; it is reputed that their numerous cabbage gardens gave the locale its traditional designation. Further, the establishment of the Conestoga Cotton Mills on South Prince Street created a demand for a large labor force. Cabbage Hill became the very logical area in which the workers found nearby housing. As the nineteenth century progressed, Hamilton Watch, various tobacco companies and numerous small industries in the western part of the city increased the numbers of those living in Cabbage Hill.

Only a few structures date before about 1850. Most of the houses date from about 1860 to 1900. Slightly less than 20% of the structures date from the first three decades of the twentieth century. In general, about 80% of all of the houses in Cabbage Hill are of a remarkably unified character. They are brick rowhouses, two stories in height, with two or three bay facades, simple dormer windows and corbelled brick cornices. There are a few frame houses. In addition, there are a small number of circa 1900 to 1910 rowhouses with light brick facades, front porches and mansard roofs. It appears that only about 25% of the houses in Cabbage Hill have front porches; most of the present front porches are either original to the structures or early additions. The angular intersection of most streets and the hilly topography create a rather picturesque quality that may be the most distinctive quality of this whole neighborhood. Historically and symbolically, the two main focal points of Cabbage Hill are Christ Lutheran Church and St. Joseph's Catholic Church.

Cabbage Hill Part III

Lancaster City Living – Lancaster PA