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By the time Roe and Colby completed their map of the city in 1874, much of this open area had been infilled with new housing and industrial development. This trend continued as evidenced by an 1884 map by the Board of Trade and the 1899 Atlas of Lancaster County by Graves and Steinbarger. In addition, during that period many small scale eighteenth and early nineteenth century buildings in the city's center were demolished and replaced with taller structures or were renovated to reflect new uses and stylistic preferences.

Lancaster Avenue (MWS)

Although the city is located at the heart of Pennsylvania's most prominent agricultural region, its late-nineteenth through early-twentieth century growth was largely a result of the city's industrial and manufacturing expansion. The historic character of Lancaster is largely defined by the building and rebuilding that took place during this period. The railroad cuts that loop across the northern half of the city and that bisects the city from north to south, defined historic industrial corridors that remain very much in evidence today. The central business district that evolved through the wealth built from these industries defines the core of the city. Surrounding these areas are neighborhoods, rich in architectural character and diversity. Rowhouses are the predominant form, interspersed with vestiges of the city's earlier periods - one story dwellings and high style town houses - and the mansions of the city's wealthy.

Since the early twentieth century, with the exception of the episode of urban renewal in the 1960s and 1970s, relatively little building replacement has occurred in Lancaster. This is particularly true in the residential areas outside of the central business district. Today, the city's neighborhoods are largely intact as they were originally developed and have a high degree of historic integrity. As a consequence, the city which we appreciate today, and the distinctive character that the city has become known for, should be recognized and respected as a product of late nineteenth and early twentieth century industrial America.

City History Part IV

Lancaster City Living – Lancaster PA